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ImmDef Signs On: Hold the Trump & AMLO Administrations Responsible for Ongoing Deportations and ...

Updated: Jun 26

Binational Joint Statement: U.S. and Mexico Must Urgently Address Impact of Ongoing Deportations and Expulsions During COVID-19


Click here to view this statement in Spanish.


As organizations representing civil society in the regionå, we object to and are alarmed by the offensive public health risk created by ongoing U.S. deportations and expulsions amid a global health crisis. We urgently call on the Trump and Lopez Obrador administrations to cease exacerbating the vulnerabilities of migrants and to work towards constructing an environment that is safe for all inhabitants of the North American region.


The United States, currently the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic, has been unable to control the introduction and spread of COVID-19 in already overcrowded and unsanitary detention facilities . COVID-19 continues to spread rapidly inside U.S. immigrant detention centers, where close to 27,000 people are currently detained. As of May 24, 2020, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) reported 1,201 detainees, and 44 ICE employees at detention facilities, tested positive; and on May 6, ICE confirmed the first known COVID-19 death of a detained immigrant. On May 10, a former detainee died shortly after being released .


The potential spread of the highly contagious and deadly virus has not deterred U.S. deportations and expulsions of foreign nationals from or to COVID-19 hot spots. In April, after Mexico declared a public health emergency, the United States turned around close to 15,000 individuals including non-Mexicans mostly to Mexican territory, and deported others from detention centers with known outbreaks . An overwhelming number of U.S. detainees were not tested for COVID-19 before their deportation or expulsion, and there are reports of U.S. deportees later testing positive back in their country of origin.


Though Mexico bears the burden of receiving the majority of U.S. deportations and expulsions, Mexico has struggled to respond to and even quantify the scope of the pandemic, due to a lack of resources, supplies, infrastructure, and reporting health mechanisms. Tijuana, Mexicali, Ciudad Juárez, and Mexico City—cities where migrants are being deported or expelled—are emerging hot spots , where an increasing number of cases have been confirmed.


Deportations and forced turnbacks at the U.S.-Mexico border


Despite appeals by civil society organizations and human rights groups on both sides of the border, deportations and expulsions at the U.S.-Mexico border have not ceased and, in fact, ICE announced on May 19, 2020, that interior repatriation flights will resume after suspending the program on March 19. During the pandemic, U.S. land deportations and expulsions now occur during expanded hours , ignoring previous measures put in place to protect migrants arriving at dangerous Mexican border towns. Nearly all asylum seekers and migrants, including unaccompanied minors , who attempt to cross anywhere along the U.S. border are now subject to swift expulsions under Title 42 . The expulsions are conducted by U.S. border agents in blatant violation of international human rights law and in total disregard for child protection measures set out in the Trafficking Victims Reauthorization Act (TVPRA). The United States’ focus on fast-tracked turnarounds has resulted in countless expulsions without prior notification to Mexican officials, who cannot provide COVID-19 screening in those cases.


ICE, by its own account, performs only a visual screening and temperature check before a person is deported or expelled—a measure the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has stated is ineffective for testing COVID-19. It has denied receiving countries’ requests that U.S. deportations be suspended, and states have been warned that they will face visa sanctions if they refuse their own nationals. These conditions imposed by the United States have created an unacceptable public health risk that has alarmed Caribbean and Latin American countries, including Mexico, who have been forced to receive cases of asymptomatic carriers who later tested positive .


Failure to protect vulnerable Mexicans upon arrival


On the Mexican side, persons deported from the United States report inadequate screening at ports of entry by health officials, who perform, if at all, a mere temperature check. There is no strict requirement that persons deported or turned around be tested for COVID-19, isolate, or be given a face mask, though Mexican cities and states along the border have made it mandatory. A lack of federal resources or comprehensive and uniform protocol have contributed to meek efforts at the border to control the spread of the highly contagious virus. The combined insufficient and ineffective detection and control measures implemented by both countries has resulted in U.S. deportees being linked to outbreaks at migrant shelters .


The repatriation of Mexicans, including persons separated from their families, mothers who have recently given birth, persons with serious physical disabilities and injuries, and U.S. veterans, poses particular challenges during the pandemic which have not been considered or prioritized in public policies. Once in Mexican territory, deported individuals face limited shelter options , homelessness in many cases, insecurity , distress, xenophobia, an unresponsive healthcare system , and a crashing economy.


“I’m going crazy with despair.”


The mass closure of government offices and suspension of services required by deported Mexicans to access identity documents has left a significant portion of Mexican society without social protection during one of the most widespread pandemics in history. The Mexican government’s failure to consider and include deported Mexican nationals in Mexican policy and health decisions has left these individuals without access to work, government benefits, or services of any kind.


Recommendations


COVID-19 is a global health crisis that requires responsible public health responses, in addition to increased government efforts to ensure the health, safety, and social inclusion of Mexicans deported or expelled from the United States during the pandemic. Due to their proximity and heavy traffic between the two countries, the United States and Mexico must coordinate efforts to maintain the safety of the region.

While the epicenter of the pandemic remains in the Western Hemisphere, we urge the Trump and Lopez Obrador administrations to protect the lives and well-being of North Americans by taking the following actions:


United States


Immediately suspend all deportations of women, men, children, and families back to their country of origin;

● Promptly release all immigrants from detention facilities, following a health screening and in accordance with COVID-19 public health guidelines, utilizing humanitarian parole, release on recognizance, and, when necessary, community-based alternatives to detention;

● Guarantee the right to asylum by paroling arriving asylum seekers and ensuring the release of all asylum seekers in the United States through parole or other community-based alternatives to detention;

● Treat unaccompanied children according to the safeguards that the Trafficking Victim Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) provides and that child welfare standards compel;

● Coordinate a regional approach that implements precautionary, detection, and control measures to avoid aggravating a global health crisis;


Mexico


● Immediately cease acceptance of non-Mexican persons expelled from the United States who are in need of international protection and are being turned back in violation of international obligations, TVPRA, and U.S. asylum law;

● Take immediate steps to eliminate homelessness among the migrant, refugees, stateless, and returned populations;

● Facilitate the transportation of deported and repatriated persons to a safe place upon arrival in Mexico;

● Prevent and combat xenophobia and stigmatization where COVID-19 has exacerbated xenophobia, hate, and exclusion;

● Implement emergency measures to ensure migrant, refugee, stateless, and returned populations have equal access to social protection programs, including appropriate levels of health care;

● Immediately re-open government services needed to issue identification documents, and remove barriers to the right to identity, so that Mexican nationals can access their rights as citizens;

● Without further delay, offer and commit to repatriation programs that ensure Mexicans deported from the United States, arriving alone or with their families, have access to information, identity, health, jobs, and education; and

● Coordinate, with the United States, a regional approach incorporating a migrant perspective that implements precautionary, detection, and control measures to avoid aggravating a global health crisis.


Signatories

Al Otro Lado

Asylum Access Mexico (AAMX) A.C.

Caminamos Juntos

Centro de Apoyo Marista al Migrante - CAMMI

Centro de Atención a la Familia Migrante Indígena, CAFAMI A. C.

Centro de Investigación Autónomo de la Frontera

Centro de Investigación y Proyectos para la Igualdad de Género

Deportados Unidos en la Lucha

Dreamers Moms USA Tijuana A.C.

Education and Leadership Foundation

El Refugio Casa Del Migrante

Espacio Migrante

Estudiantes Regresando a México, A.C. (“Dream in Mexico”)

Fair Immigration Reform Movement (FIRM)

Families Belong Together México

FM4 Paso Libre, Dignidad y Justicia en el Camino A.C.

Fundacion Promigrante America Sin Muros

Grupo Destino y Libertad Servicio Unidad Recuperación (GDLSUR)

Immigrant Defenders Law Center

Iniciativa Ciudadana para la Promoción de la Cultura del Diálogo, A. C.

Instituto de Geografía para la Paz AC

Instituto para las Mujeres en la Migración (IMUMI)

Kino Border Initiative

Los Angeles Center for Law and Justice

Loyola Immigrant Justice Clinic

Médicos Sin Fronteras

Mexican Migration Project

ODA, Otros Dreams en Acción

Public Counsel

Puente TJ United (Tijuana)

Sin Fronteras I.A.P.

Sisters of Mercy of the Americas Justice Team

Southwestern Law School Community Lawyering Clinic

Sueños Sin Fronteras de Tejas

The Rhizome Center for Migrants

Unified U.S. Deported Veterans

Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA)

Yaotlyaocihuatl Ameyal A.C.


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